Standard Operating Procedures For Making Products

This post will be updated periodically as additional tips come to my attention. The steps provided are starting points.

As you read, if you see something I missed, send your bullet point to With your permission I will reference your name, state and date comment provided in the next iteration of the post.

Here are some general rules for all types of products:

  • Make sure working surfaces and equipment are sanitized
  • Practice safety precautions as applicable to the product you are making
  • When measuring ingredients try to use ounces or grams rather than volume (teaspoon, tablespoon, cups and the like). Ounces or grams are more accurate measures of weight.
  • Remove distractions, (phone, pets, children, etc.)
  • Read your recipe several times
  • Prepare all ingredients before you start
  • Give yourself plenty of time to work, haste makes waste
  • Not sure how your ingredients will react, test recipe in a small batch
  • It is good to use others well documented recipes as a learning tool. Do not be afraid to experiment and take the recipe one or two steps further. Some call this “A Spin”, “A Twist”, “Enhancements”, I call it “Creativity”. I remember years ago BASF had a commercial that said “We do not make the product we make it better”.
  • If you are selling your products follow all labeling requirements as determined by the governing governmental agency
  • If you are selling your product make sure you have invested in the appropriate liability insurance
  • Do not make medical claims for your recipes, unless you are able to prove the claim through a fully document clinical trial. The long term ramification of such claims can be costly.
  • It’s okay if you do not like something you made, happens to me all the time
  • Something bombed out, it’s okay to cry
  • Laugh at your self
  • Have fun

Lavender Project: Part 1 – Lavender Herbal Infusion Oil

Curious about the Lavender Project

People all over the world love Lavender.  Lavender in its various forms, fresh buds, dried buds or essential oil offers a variety of uses for the spirit, soul and body.  Much of this has been lost in the urbanization of America.  Getting back to basics can be fun, educational and very healthy.

A few Lavender facts: 

Botanical Names: Lavandula officinalis, Lavandula angustifolia, Lavandula vera

Botanical Family:  Lamiaceae; Labiatae  known as the mint family, which includes: basil, bergamot, lemon balm, oregano, rosemary, peppermint and spearmint, to name a few.

Aroma:  Fresh and camphoraceous

Flowering Top Color:  range from pinkish all the way through violet with hints of indigo-blue

Grown: on every continent in the world

Essential Oil Color:  Range from colorless to pale-yellow or yellowish-green.

What is infusion?

Infusion is simply placing dried or fresh botanical in a medium (water, oil, alcohol, vinegar, honey etc.) to extract it properties. One of the simplest infusion done by millions of people every day is making a cup of tea.  Allowing the tea to steep in the water is called an infusion.

The aroma of the lavender being infused into the oil is awesome. The smell is earthy, warm and very relaxing.

Tips before Starting:

  • Make sure all equipment and workspace is sanitized
  • Set out all equipment and ingredients before starting
  • Read the recipe several times
  • Cut off your cell phone
  • Have Fun!


  • Crock Pot with Warm Setting
  • Blender or Grinder
  • Canning Jars or heat proof jars (these can be purchased at your local food store or Walmart)
  • Medium size glass or stainless bowl or paper plates
  • Gloves (optional)
  • Cheesecloth or a fine mesh strainer (both can be found in your local food markets in the cooking section)
  • Kitchen Scale
  • Measuring cups
  • Tablespoons
  • Jumbo wooden sticks or utensil for stirring
  • Clean glass bottle or jar for storing Lavender Infusion Oil
  • Small storage containers you can put in the freezer
  • Paper and pen or pencil
  • Blank Label
  • Rubber Band that can fit around the mouth of the canning jar


There are 28.394 grams in an ounce, to make things easier to compute we will use 30

To convert the recipe to grams, multiply number of ounces by 30

Grams are a more accurate measurement than ounces.

Ounces & Teaspoons


2 oz 60 Dried Lavender Buds
16 oz 480 Olive Oil –  You can substitute with a less expensive, different carrier oil such as Sweet Almond, Rice Bran, Sunflower, Apricot, etc., or use a combination that totals 16 oz. All carriers oils are not the same.
3 Teaspoons 12 Vitamin E – 1 teaspoon is approximately 4 grams


  • Measure out dried lavender buds.

    • Grind dried lavender buds to a powdered like consistency
  • Three ways to infuse

  1.  Place oil and buds in the crock pot on the lowest (warm) setting, for 10 – 14 hours, stirring periodically, mixture should not boil. (Shown in picture)
  2. In an empty canning jar add oil and buds. Leave a 2 inch space at the top of the jar for breathing room. Cover the mouth of the jar with cling wrap. Put tap water in the empty crock pot. When the canning jar is placed inside the crock pot the water level  will be  1/2  way  up the side of the jar.  Use the lowest setting (warm), check the water level periodically, let mixture infuse for 14-16 hours.
  3. No crock pot?   Use a double boiler on the stove, lowest flame, for 8- 10 hours. Stir periodically and continuously watch water in the double boiler. Do not allow water to come in contact with the mixture.
  4. Allow mixture to cool, overnight is fine.
  • Separating the infused oil from the lavender buds

    1. Remove all jewelry, put in a safe place. Wash hands well. Because the oil is slippery gloves tend to fall off.
    2. Get a clean jar, weight the empty jar jot down the weight.
    3. Get a clean  glass or stainless steel bow or paper plates, set aside.
    4. Place the cheesecloth over the empty canning jar.  The cheesecloth should fit loosely over the mouth  of the jar sagging downwards like a filter. Use a rubber band to the hold the cheesecloth in place if necessary.  Taking your time, pour the infused oil slowly and carefully into the cheesecloth to drain into the empty canning jar. The oil will flow freely, the lavender buds will be sitting at the bottom of the jar. In the above picture I used a combination of a strainer and cheesecloth.
    5. Using a spoon, place manageable scoops of lavender buds from the jar into the cheesecloth. I like to call the residue from squeezing the oil out of the cheesecloth ” Lavender Herbal Goodness”.  Fold the cheesecloth making a pocket and squeeze the excess oil into the jar. This can get really messy (nothing a little Dawn Dish Washing Liquid cannot get rid of).
    6. Once you have squeezed out as much oil as possible  place the Lavender Herbal Goodness in the glass bowl or paper plates you set aside. If using paper plates use multiple plates because the remaining oil will seep through the plate. At this point you can toss, compose or save and try a few of the upcoming recipes.

  • Let the Lavender Infused Oil sit overnight. This will allow the residue to settle in the bottom of jar.

  • This is a good time to weigh your Lavender Infusion Oil. The equation is–
    (Weight of Jar with Lavender Infused Oil in it) – (Weight of Empty Jar) = Weight of Infused Lavender Oil
  • If you see residue in the bottom of the jar repeat the straining process again using  cheesecloth to ensure the oil free from  residue.

  • Weigh the oil again .  Do you see a decrease in the amount of oil?  You may need to repeat the straining process several times before the infused lavender oil is free from residue.

You should have approximately 8.5-10 oz ounces of Lavender Infused Oil

For every ounce of Lavender Infused Oil  add ½ teaspoon of Vitamin E as an antioxidant

Pour  Lavender Infusion Oil in clean glass bottle or jar. Label the outside of the jar with product name, date made and best to use by.  Date to use by will be the expiration date of the Olive Oil.

Keep oil in a dark cool place until ready to use.

Infused lavender oil  is green not purple. Are your surprised?

Rewards and Benefits

Lavender Infusion Oil makes a wonderful massage oil, excellent bath oil, and a great base for other natural products that we will discuss in future blog articles


What to do with the Lavender Herbal Goodness in the bowl?

Using the small freezer containers, place 1-2 tablespoons of the Lavender Herbal Goodness in the container, noting on the top or side  of the container, the date made and how much is in the container.

  • Refrigerate a couple of the containers if you plan on using within the month, after reviewing a few of the simple Lavender Herbal Goodness recipes
  • Freeze any leftovers for future usage. You will need to thaw out the Lavender Herbal Goodness before using it in a recipe

Stay tuned for recipes using Lavender Infusion Oil and Lavender Herbal Goodness

Citrus & Mint Body Scrub

Why Make Your Own Body Scrub?

  • Saves money
  • It’s fun
  • Releases your creativity
  • Control over what you are using on your body
  • Increase confidence in trying to do new things
  • Gifts ideas created from the heart

Using a scrub is great for removing dead skin cells from the body and moisturizing at the same time. When dead cells are moved this makes room for new cells to regenerate, giving the skin a youthful glow and making it feel softer. Gently scrubbing is known to increase the circulation of bodily fluids, and many believe that body scrubs are good for making cellulite skin look smoother; especially those made with ground coffee.

Citrus & Mint Body Scrub

 The combination of citrus and peppermint will brighten your day no matter what time of day or night you decide to slough off those unwanted dead skin cells. The smells will make you say, “Ahhh….. I feel great!!”

Treat yourself with kindness after a hard day. You deserve it!!


  • Sea Salt (fine)
  • Himalayan Sea Salt (fine)
  • Apricot Oil
  • Sunflower Oil
  • Shea Nut Oil
  • Mango Butter
  • Essential Oils: Sweet Orange, Grapefruit, and Peppermint
  • Vitamin E
  • Preservative – optional. Oil based products do not require preservatives. The prservative is used in the event water gets into the product. To avoid exposure to water, scoop out the amount of the product to be used into a separate container. Leave the unused portion outside the shower.


  •  Bowls – glass or stainless steel
  • Bow Cover or Cling Wrap
  • Utensils for stirring/mixing
  • Glass Dropper or Pipette (a dispensing tool used in laboratories for transporting liquids, can be purchased from Michael’s or Amazon)
  • Heat proof measuring cup
  • Double Boiler or Microwave
  • Heat proof gloves
  • Clean shatter proof container and lid for packaging
  • Blank label (include scrub’s name, list of ingredients used in weight order, friendly reminder to avoid contaminating with water, “best used by” date (Most likely the product will be used up long before that date, list oil with the expiration date first)
  • Don’t have a blank label? Here’s what I did. Print the required information on a plain white sheet of paper, use clear packing tape to adhere the label to the jar.


Read through the recipe and directions several times before starting.

There are 28.394 grams in an ounce, to make things easier to compute we will use 30 (rounding).

To convert the recipe to grams, multiply number of ounces by 30.

Ounces Grams Ingredient
8 ounces 240 Sea Salt  – known for detoxification and contains minerals which can have a therapeutic effect on the body


Do not substitute with table salt which makes the skin very dry

2 ounces 60 Himalayan Pink Sea Salt ( or substitute  2oz. Sea Salt)
.5 ounces 15 Apricot Oil – fast absorbing, loaded with oleic (omega 3)  and linoleic (omega 9)  acids, light to the touch, leaves skin feeling smooth and silky
.5 ounces 15 Sunflower Oil – lightweight oil, a natural emollient, known for its ability to help the skin to retain moisture.
.5 ounces 15 Shea Nut Oil  – by product of Shea butter, absorbs quickly and makes the skin feel luxurious
.5 ounces 15 Mango Butter – rich in Vitamins A & C. Skin encourager for  fighting off dry skin
1  teaspoons 4 Vitamin E – known for helping with dry skin and acts as an antioxidant in oil based products

Essential Oil Blend:

The essential oil blend is based on standard measurements for safe use as determined by National Association of Aromatherapist (NAHA) and from one of the world’s foremost authority on Aromatherapy, Valerie Gennari Cooksley. In the back of her book Aromatherapy: A Lifetime Guide to Healing with Essential Oils  there’s a wonderful chart for basic essential oils dilution.

Different strokes for different folks.

Fragrant Strength Light Medium Strong
Essential Oils Drops Drops Drops
Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) 8 15 30
Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) 4 9 18
Peppermint  (Mentha piperita) 6 12 24
Total Blend 18 36 72

 Before you begin make sure all surfaces and equipment are thoroughly washed. Using a 10% bleach solution, (this is a 1:10 ratio; for example 1 Tablespoon of bleach + 10 Tablespoons of water or ¼ cup of bleach + 2.5 cups of water is a 10% bleach solution) makes an excellent disinfectant for sanitizing.  There are numerous sources on the internet that provide additional information for making and using the solution.  Make sure all surfaces and equipment are well rinsed before using. Use gloves to protect your hands and a face mask if you are sensitive to smells or have lung concerns.


  1. In a small bowl create the essential oil blend; then set aside
  2. In a medium bowl measure out and combine salts; then set aside
  3. In a measuring cup combine oils and Vitamin E; then set aside     
  4. Melt Mango Butter in double boiler or microwave (use glass container), making sure butter does not burn. It just needs to be melted. Be careful when handling the container. The container will be hot.   
  5. Combine oils and butter; mix well.              
  6. Blend oil mixture, salts and essential oils, mix well.       
  7. When thoroughly blended, cover bowl,  set aside for 30 minutes to marinate After marinating is complete, check for consistency. If too oily, add a bit more salt, starting with 1 Tablespoon at a time.  If too dry add a bit more oil using a combination of (Apricot, Sunflower and Shea Nut, 1 Tablespoon at a time)
  8. Spoon Citrus & Mint Body Scrub into  clean shatter proof container       
  9. Create Label                                                                   
  10. Go for it, use it !!!!

How to Use:

In the shower wet the body.  Apply scrub in small amounts using circular motions. Rinse well, pat dry

Avoid getting water into the container.  Water is a host for bacteria.

Be careful. Surface of the shower or tub may become slippery.  Add this information to your container, I forgot to add it to mine, Darn!!

Things to Remember:

  • Do not used salt based scrubs on freshly shaved body parts, sunburned skin, irritated skin and broken skin
  • Scrub contains oil, may make shower slippery, be careful when exiting the shower. Thoroughly clean bathing area when you are finished.
  • If you intend to make the scrub again make sure you keep accurate notes
  • If you decide to use this recipe for selling
    1. Please follow Good Manufacturing Practices
    2. Follow FDA Guidelines for correct product labeling and description 
    3. Add a perseverance, note Vitamin E is not a preservative. The most commonly used preservatives for oil based products are Phenonip, Germaben II and Optiphen. You can purchase these from Lotioncrafter, Wholesales Supplies Plus, Camden Grey, Brambleberry, Amazon and a heap of other places.